Bunions are a common foot problem that can cause pain, make it difficult to wear certain types of shoes, and even affect your mobility in certain cases. Anyone can develop a bunion, but there are certain risk factors that can make some people more likely to develop them at some point. Dr. Michael Block and Dr. Monica Cooney, podiatrists in Abingdon, MD, offer diagnostic and treatment options for bunions and other foot and ankle problems.
Bunion Diagnosis and Treatment in Abingdon, MD
The most common symptom of a bunion is a bump on the side of the foot at the base of the big toe, with the big toe bending at an angle towards the rest of the toes. Bunions range in severity and can get worse over time. Other common symptoms of a bunion are pain, redness, swelling, limited range of motion of the big toe, and corns and calluses caused by friction between the bunion and the inside of your shoes.
What Causes Bunions?
A bunion is a deformity of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. Although there is not always a clear cause and anyone can technically develop a bunion at any time, there are a few risk factors that increase the chances of getting a bunion, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons:
- Wearing tight and ill-fitting shoes that crowd the toes
- Heredity/family history of bunions
- Foot type
- Joint damage/injuries
How to Prevent Bunions
There are a few precautions that can lower the risk of developing a bunion. Avoid narrow shoes that crowd the toes, and choose footwear that provides adequate support for your foot type.
Bunions tend to get worse over time. They can usually be treated conservatively with medication, and supportive footwear. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign and repair joint damage.
Find a Podiatrist in Abingdon, MD
For more information about the treatment options for bunions and other foot and ankle conditions and injuries, contact our office today by calling 410-569-0445 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Block or Dr. Cooney.